The goal of this Ph.D. project is the development and evaluation of novel interaction techniques by using spatially aware mobile displays (Tangible Displays) – usually within the environment of a larger stationary display such as an interactive tabletop. Besides the development of a technical basis (hard- and software framework), a vital scientific goal is the examination of the interplay between different interaction modalities (e.g., spatial location of displays, multitouch, digital pens, head location) for a more natural and intuitive interaction. For questions and comments, please contact Martin Spindler.

  • Tangible Displays: Interacting with Spatially Aware Handheld Displays above a Tabletop

    Tangible Displays: Interacting with Spatially Aware Handheld Displays above a Tabletop.

    Spindler, M.;

    Qucosa - Technische Universität Dresden,2018.

    @phdthesis{fixme,
       author = {Martin Spindler},
       title = {Tangible Displays: Interacting with Spatially Aware Handheld Displays above a Tabletop},
       year = {2018},
       month = {2},
       location = {Dresden},
       numpages = {305},
       url = {http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:14-qucosa2-332107},
       publisher = {Qucosa - Technische Universit\"{a}t Dresden}
    }

    List of additional material

    PDF, Dissertation

Sub Projects

  • Use Your Head: Tangible Windows for 3D Information Spaces in a Tabletop Environment

    Tangible Windows for 3D Information Spaces

    Tangible Windows allow for performing common 3D interaction tasks in a more accessible manner by combining principles of tangible interaction, head-coupled perspective, and multitouch techniques. They either act as physical peepholes into a virtual 3D world or as physical containers for parts of that world. more information

  • 2010-ITS-TowardsMakingGraphicsUserInterfacesTangible

    Tangible User Interface Palettes

    To bring back the physical affordances of a painter’s palette to graphics editors, we propose to augment a tabletop with handheld displays. We introduce the concept of spatial Work Zones that take up distinct 3D regions above the table surface and serve as physical containers for digital content. This provides quick access to tools and parts of the graphics document that are instantly functional, i.e., ready to be used by a digital pen. more information

  • 2010-ITS-TangibleViews

    Tangible Views for Information Visualization

    We contribute to the seamless integration of interaction and display devices and introduce novel ways of visualizing and directly interacting with information. Rather than restricting the interaction to the display surface alone, we explicitly use the physical three-dimensional space above it for natural interaction with multiple displays. more information

  • 2009-ITS-PaperLens

    PaperLens

    This project explores novel interaction techniques that are based on spatially aware tangible displays (Magic Lenses) in multi display environments. The height above a reference surface (e.g. tabletop) is used to better explore complex information spaces. more information

Videos

Full video of PaperLens.
Full video of TangibleViews.
Full video of Use Your Head.

Publications

  • @article{fixme,
       author = {Martin Spindler and Wolfgang B\"{u}schel and Charlotte Winkler and Raimund Dachselt},
       title = {Tangible displays for the masses: spatial interaction with handheld displays by using consumer depth cameras},
       booktitle = {Personal and Ubiquitous Computing},
       volume = {18 (5)},
       year = {2014},
       month = {6},
       isbn = {1617-4909},
       pages = {1213--1225},
       numpages = {13},
       doi = {10.1007/s00779-013-0730-7},
       url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00779-013-0730-7},
       publisher = {Springer London},
       keywords = {Tangible magic lenses, PaperLens, Tangible display ecosystem, Spatial interaction, Multi-display environment, Interaction above the tabletop, Kinect}
    }

    List of additional material

  • Pinch-Drag-Flick vs. Spatial Input: Rethinking Zoom & Pan on Mobile Displays

    Pinch-Drag-Flick vs. Spatial Input: Rethinking Zoom & Pan on Mobile Displays.

    Spindler, M.; Schuessler, M.; Martsch, M.; Dachselt, R.;

    In Proceedings of the Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems.CHI '14, Toronto, Canada.ACM,1113-1122,2014.10.1145/2556288.2557028

    @inproceedings{spindler-2014-chi,
       author = {Martin Spindler and Martin Schuessler and Marcel Martsch and Raimund Dachselt},
       title = {Pinch-Drag-Flick vs. Spatial Input: Rethinking Zoom \& Pan on Mobile Displays},
       booktitle = {Proceedings of the Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems},
       series = {CHI '14},
       year = {2014},
       month = {4},
       isbn = {978-1-4503-2473-1},
       location = {Toronto, Canada},
       pages = {1113--1122},
       numpages = {10},
       doi = {10.1145/2556288.2557028},
       url = {http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2556288.2557028},
       publisher = {ACM},
       address = {New York, NY, USA},
       keywords = {mobile displays, multi-touch input, spatial input, spatially aware displays, user study}
    }

    List of additional material

  • Move Your Phone: Spatial Input-based Document Zoom & Pan on Mobile Displays Revisited

    Move Your Phone: Spatial Input-based Document Zoom & Pan on Mobile Displays Revisited.

    Spindler, M.; Schuessler, M.; Martsch, M.; Dachselt, R.;

    In Proceedings of the Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Extended Abstracts.CHI '14, Toronto, Canada.ACM,515-518,2014.10.1145/2559206.2574777

    @inproceedings{SSM-CHI-14,
       author = {Martin Spindler and Martin Schuessler and Marcel Martsch and Raimund Dachselt},
       title = {Move Your Phone: Spatial Input-based Document Zoom \& Pan on Mobile Displays Revisited},
       booktitle = {Proceedings of the Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Extended Abstracts},
       year = {2014},
       month = {4},
       isbn = {978-1-4503-2474-8},
       location = {Toronto, Canada},
       pages = {515--518},
       doi = {10.1145/2559206.2574777},
       url = {http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2559206.2574777},
       publisher = {ACM},
       address = {New York, NY, USA},
       keywords = {2d document navigation, mobile displays, pinch-drag-flick, spatial input, spatially aware displays}
    }

    List of additional material

  • Dynamic Tangible User Interface Palettes.

    Dynamic Tangible User Interface Palettes..

    Spindler, M.; Cheung, V.; Dachselt, R.;

    In Proceedings of INTERACT 2013.INTERACT '13, Cape Town, South Africa.159-176,2013.

    @inproceedings{2013_spindler_TUIP,
       author = {Martin Spindler and Victor Cheung and Raimund Dachselt},
       title = {Dynamic Tangible User Interface Palettes.},
       booktitle = {Proceedings of INTERACT 2013},
       year = {2013},
       month = {9},
       location = {Cape Town, South Africa},
       pages = {159--176},
       numpages = {18}
    }

    List of additional material

  • Use Your Head: Tangible Windows for 3D Information Spaces in a Tabletop Environment

    Use Your Head: Tangible Windows for 3D Information Spaces in a Tabletop Environment.

    Spindler, M.; Büschel, W.; Dachselt, R.;

    In Proceedings of the 2012 ACM International Conference on Interactive Tabletops and Surfaces.ITS '12, Cambridge, MA, USA.ACM,245-254,2012.10.1145/2396636.2396674

    @inproceedings{spindler:2012:tangibleWindows,
       author = {Martin Spindler and Wolfgang B\"{u}schel and Raimund Dachselt},
       title = {Use Your Head: Tangible Windows for 3D Information Spaces in a Tabletop Environment},
       booktitle = {Proceedings of the 2012 ACM International Conference on Interactive Tabletops and Surfaces},
       year = {2012},
       month = {11},
       isbn = {978-1-4503-1209-7},
       location = {Cambridge, MA, USA},
       pages = {245--254},
       numpages = {10},
       doi = {10.1145/2396636.2396674},
       url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2396636.2396674},
       acmid = {2396674},
       publisher = {ACM},
       address = {New York, NY, USA},
       keywords = {3d interaction, fish tank virtual reality, head interaction, head tracking, head-coupled perspective, magic lenses, multi-surface user interfaces, multiple views, tabletop displays, tangible windows}
    }

    List of additional material

    Video

  • Spatially Aware Tangible Display Interaction in a Tabletop Environment

    Spatially Aware Tangible Display Interaction in a Tabletop Environment.

    Spindler, M.;

    In Doctoral Symposium of the 2012 ACM International Conference on Interactive Tabletops and Surfaces.ITS '12, Cambridge, MA, USA.ACM,277-282,2012.

    @inproceedings{spindler:2012:doctoralSymposium,
       author = {Martin Spindler},
       title = {Spatially Aware Tangible Display Interaction in a Tabletop Environment},
       booktitle = {Doctoral Symposium of the 2012 ACM International Conference on Interactive Tabletops and Surfaces},
       year = {2012},
       month = {11},
       location = {Cambridge, MA, USA},
       pages = {277--282},
       numpages = {6},
       publisher = {ACM},
       address = {New York, NY, USA},
       keywords = {tangible magic lenses, PaperLens, digital tabletops, mobile displays, tangible interaction, user interfaces}
    }

    List of additional material

  • Die Magische Dimension: Be-Greifbare Interaktion auf und über Tabletops

    Die Magische Dimension: Be-Greifbare Interaktion auf und über Tabletops.

    Spindler, M.; Dachselt, R.;

    In i-com: Zeitschrift für interaktive und kooperative Medien.Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag GmbH,5-11,2012.10.1524/icom.2012.0019

    @article{spindler:2012:i-com:magische_dimension,
       author = {Martin Spindler and Raimund Dachselt},
       title = {Die Magische Dimension: Be-Greifbare Interaktion auf und \"{u}ber Tabletops},
       booktitle = {i-com: Zeitschrift f\"{u}r interaktive und kooperative Medien},
       volume = {11(2)},
       year = {2012},
       month = {8},
       pages = {5--11},
       numpages = {7},
       doi = {10.1524/icom.2012.0019},
       url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1524/icom.2012.0019},
       publisher = {Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag GmbH},
       keywords = {tangible Interaction, PaperLens, mobile displays, multitouch, stifteingabe}
    }

    List of additional material

  • Be-greifbare Magische Linsen auf & über Tabletops

    Be-greifbare Magische Linsen auf & über Tabletops.

    Spindler, M.;

    In Proceedings of Doktorandentagung Magdeburger-Informatik-Tagung (MIT).MIT 2012, Magdeburg.Otto-von-Guericke Universität,67-74,2012.

    @inproceedings{spindler:2012:doktorandentag,
       author = {Martin Spindler},
       title = {Be-greifbare Magische Linsen auf \& \"{u}ber Tabletops},
       booktitle = {Proceedings of Doktorandentagung Magdeburger-Informatik-Tagung (MIT)},
       year = {2012},
       month = {7},
       location = {Magdeburg},
       pages = {67--74},
       numpages = {8},
       publisher = {Otto-von-Guericke Universit\"{a}t},
       address = {Magdeburg, Germany},
       keywords = {Tangible Interaction, PaperLens, mobile Displays, Multitouch, Stifteingabe, Gesten, 3D-Interaktion, Kollaboration}
    }

    List of additional material

    MIT 2012 Webseite

  • Towards Spatially Aware Tangible Displays for the Masses

    Towards Spatially Aware Tangible Displays for the Masses.

    Spindler, M.; Büschel, W.; Dachselt, R.;

    In Proceedings of the 2012 AVI Workshop on Designing Collaborative Interactive Spaces for e-Creativity, e-Science and e-Learning.DCIS '12, Capri, Italien.2012.

    @inproceedings{spindler:2012:avi:towards_tangible_displays,
       author = {Martin Spindler and Wolfgang B\"{u}schel and Raimund Dachselt},
       title = {Towards Spatially Aware Tangible Displays for the Masses},
       booktitle = {Proceedings of the 2012 AVI Workshop on Designing Collaborative Interactive Spaces for e-Creativity, e-Science and e-Learning},
       year = {2012},
       month = {5},
       location = {Capri, Italien},
       numpages = {4},
       keywords = {tangible magic lenses, PaperLens, low-cost system, spatial interaction, Kinect}
    }

    List of additional material

    Video

  • Going Beyond the Surface: Studying Multi-Layer Interaction Above the Tabletop

    Going Beyond the Surface: Studying Multi-Layer Interaction Above the Tabletop.

    Spindler, M.; Martsch, M.; Dachselt, R.;

    In Proceedings of the Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems.CHI '12, Austin, TX, USA.ACM,1277-1286,2012.

    @inproceedings{spindler-2012-CHI,
       author = {Martin Spindler and Marcel Martsch and Raimund Dachselt},
       title = {Going Beyond the Surface: Studying Multi-Layer Interaction Above the Tabletop},
       booktitle = {Proceedings of the Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems},
       year = {2012},
       month = {5},
       isbn = { 978-1-4503-1015-4},
       location = {Austin, TX, USA},
       pages = {1277--1286},
       numpages = {10},
       publisher = {ACM}
    }

    List of additional material

    Video

  • Towards Utilizing Novel Interactive Displays for Information Visualization

    Towards Utilizing Novel Interactive Displays for Information Visualization.

    Tominski, C.; Schumann, H.; Spindler, M.; Dachselt, R.;

    In Dexis 2011 - Workshop on Data Exploration for Interactive Surfaces at ITS '11.ITS '11, Kobe, Japan.2011.

    @misc{fixme,
       author = {Christian Tominski and Heidrun Schumann and Martin Spindler and Raimund Dachselt},
       title = {Towards Utilizing Novel Interactive Displays for Information Visualization},
       booktitle = {Dexis 2011 - Workshop on Data Exploration for Interactive Surfaces at ITS '11},
       series = {ITS '11},
       year = {2011},
       month = {11},
       location = {Kobe, Japan},
       numpages = {2}
    }

    List of additional material

  • Towards Making Graphical User Interfaces Tangible

    Towards Making Graphical User Interfaces Tangible.

    Spindler, M.; Hauschild, M.; Dachselt, R.;

    In Proceedings of the ACM International Conference on Interactive Tabletops and Surfaces 2010.ITS '10, Saarbrücken, Germany.ACM,291-292,2010.10.1145/1936652.1936721

    @inproceedings{fixme,
       author = {Martin Spindler and Michel Hauschild and Raimund Dachselt},
       title = {Towards Making Graphical User Interfaces Tangible},
       booktitle = {Proceedings of the ACM International Conference on Interactive Tabletops and Surfaces 2010},
       series = {ITS '10},
       year = {2010},
       month = {11},
       isbn = {978-1-4503-0399-6},
       location = {Saarbr\"{u}cken, Germany},
       pages = {291--292},
       numpages = {2},
       doi = {10.1145/1936652.1936721},
       url = {http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1936652.1936721},
       acmid = {1936721},
       publisher = {ACM},
       address = {New York, NY, USA},
       keywords = {digital paper, multi-surface UI, tangible UI}
    }

    List of additional material

    Poster

  • Tangible Views for Information Visualization

    Tangible Views for Information Visualization.

    Spindler, M.; Tominski, C.; Schumann, H.; Dachselt, R.;

    In Proceedings of the ACM International Conference on Interactive Tabletops and Surfaces 2010.ITS '10, Saarbrücken, Germany.ACM,157-166,2010.10.1145/1936652.1936684

    @inproceedings{fixme,
       author = {Martin Spindler and Christian Tominski and Heidrun Schumann and Raimund Dachselt},
       title = {Tangible Views for Information Visualization},
       booktitle = {Proceedings of the ACM International Conference on Interactive Tabletops and Surfaces 2010},
       series = {ITS '10},
       year = {2010},
       month = {11},
       isbn = {978-1-4503-0399-6},
       location = {Saarbr\"{u}cken, Germany},
       pages = {157--166},
       numpages = {10},
       doi = {10.1145/1936652.1936684},
       url = {http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1936652.1936684},
       acmid = {1936684},
       publisher = {ACM},
       address = {New York, NY, USA},
       keywords = {focus + context techniques, interaction techniques, magic lenses, multi-surface user interfaces, multiple views, tabletop displays, tangible views}
    }

    List of additional material

  • Novel Uses for Tangible Displays above the Tabletop

    Novel Uses for Tangible Displays above the Tabletop.

    Spindler, M.; Tominski, C.; Hauschild, M.; Schumann, H.; Dachselt, R.;

    In Proceedings of the ACM International Conference on Interactive Tabletops and Surfaces 2010.ITS '10ACM,315,2010.10.1145/1936652.1936743

    @inproceedings{fixme,
       author = {Martin Spindler and Christian Tominski and Michel Hauschild and Heidrun Schumann and Raimund Dachselt},
       title = {Novel Uses for Tangible Displays above the Tabletop},
       booktitle = {Proceedings of the ACM International Conference on Interactive Tabletops and Surfaces 2010},
       series = {ITS '10},
       year = {2010},
       month = {11},
       isbn = {978-1-4503-0399-6},
       pages = {315},
       numpages = {3},
       doi = {10.1145/1936652.1936743},
       url = {http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1936652.1936743},
       acmid = {1936743},
       publisher = {ACM},
       address = {New York, NY, USA}
    }

    List of additional material

    Video

  • Towards Making InfoVis Views Tangible

    Towards Making InfoVis Views Tangible.

    Spindler, M.; Tominski, C.; Schumann, H.; Dachselt, R.;

    In Conference USB Proceedings of IEEE Information Visualization Conference 2010.InfoVis'10, Salt Lake City, USA.2010.

    @{fixme,
       author = {Martin Spindler and Christian Tominski and Heidrun Schumann and Raimund Dachselt},
       title = {Towards Making InfoVis Views Tangible},
       booktitle = {Conference USB Proceedings of IEEE Information Visualization Conference 2010},
       series = {IEEE InfoVis 2010},
       year = {2010},
       month = {10},
       location = {Salt Lake City, USA}
    }

    List of additional material

    Poster

  • Exploring Information Spaces by Using Tangible Magic Lenses in a Tabletop Environment

    Exploring Information Spaces by Using Tangible Magic Lenses in a Tabletop Environment.

    Spindler, M.; Dachselt, R.;

    In Proceedings of the 28th of the International Conference Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems 2010.CHI EA '10, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.ACM,4771-4776,2010.10.1145/1753846.1754229

    @inproceedings{fixme,
       author = {Martin Spindler and Raimund Dachselt},
       title = {Exploring Information Spaces by Using Tangible Magic Lenses in a Tabletop Environment},
       booktitle = {Proceedings of the 28th of the International Conference Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems 2010},
       series = {CHI EA '10},
       year = {2010},
       month = {4},
       location = {Atlanta, Georgia, USA},
       pages = {4771--4776},
       numpages = {6},
       doi = {10.1145/1753846.1754229},
       url = {http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1753846.1754229},
       acmid = {1754229},
       publisher = {ACM},
       keywords = {data exploration, interactive surface, ir-tracking, magic lens, natural interaction, paper display, passive display, tabletop, tangible interaction, volume slicing, window into virtuality}
    }

    List of additional material

    Video

  • Towards Pen-based Annotation Techniques for Tangible Magic Lenses Above a Tabletop

    Towards Pen-based Annotation Techniques for Tangible Magic Lenses Above a Tabletop.

    Spindler, M.; Dachselt, R.;

    In Accompanying DVD of the ACM International Conference on Interactive Tabletops and Surfaces 2009.ITS '09, Banff, Alberta, Canada.2009.

    @inproceedings{fixme,
       author = {Martin Spindler and Raimund Dachselt},
       title = {Towards Pen-based Annotation Techniques for Tangible Magic Lenses Above a Tabletop},
       booktitle = {Accompanying DVD of the ACM International Conference on Interactive Tabletops and Surfaces 2009},
       series = {ITS '09},
       year = {2009},
       month = {11},
       location = {Banff, Alberta, Canada},
       numpages = {2}
    }

    List of additional material

    Poster

  • PaperLens: Advanced Magic Lens Interaction Above the Tabletop

    PaperLens: Advanced Magic Lens Interaction Above the Tabletop.

    Spindler, M.; Stellmach, S.; Dachselt, R.;

    In Proceedings of ACM International Conference on Interactive Tabletops and Surfaces 2009.ITS '09, Banff, Alberta, Canada.ACM,77-84,2009.10.1145/1731903.1731920

    @inproceedings{fixme,
       author = {Martin Spindler and Sophie Stellmach and Raimund Dachselt},
       title = {PaperLens: Advanced Magic Lens Interaction Above the Tabletop},
       booktitle = {Proceedings of ACM International Conference on Interactive Tabletops and Surfaces 2009},
       series = {ITS '09},
       year = {2009},
       month = {11},
       isbn = {978-1-60558-733-2},
       location = {Banff, Alberta, Canada},
       pages = {77--84},
       numpages = {8},
       doi = {10.1145/1731903.1731920},
       url = {http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1731903.1731920},
       acmid = {1731920},
       publisher = {ACM},
       address = {New York, NY, USA},
       keywords = {interaction techniques, multi-layer interaction, spatially aware displays, tangible interaction, three-dimensional space}
    }

    List of additional material

    Video, Talk

  • Advanced Magic Lens Interaction Above the Tabletop

    Advanced Magic Lens Interaction Above the Tabletop.

    Spindler, M.; Dachselt, R.;

    In TechDemo at ACM International Conference on Interactive Tabletops and Surfaces 2009.ITS '09, Banff, Alberta, Canada.2009.

    @misc{fixme,
       author = {Martin Spindler and Raimund Dachselt},
       title = {Advanced Magic Lens Interaction Above the Tabletop},
       booktitle = {TechDemo at ACM International Conference on Interactive Tabletops and Surfaces 2009},
       series = {ITS '09},
       year = {2009},
       month = {11},
       location = {Banff, Alberta, Canada}
    }

    List of additional material

  • Using Spatially Aware Tangible Displays for Exploring Virtual Spaces

    Using Spatially Aware Tangible Displays for Exploring Virtual Spaces.

    Spindler, M.; Sieber, J.; Dachselt, R.;

    In Proceedings of Mensch und Computer 2009.MuC'09, Berlin, Germany.Oldenbourg Publishing,253--262,2009.

    @inproceedings{fixme,
       author = {Martin Spindler and Jana Sieber and Raimund Dachselt},
       title = {Using Spatially Aware Tangible Displays for Exploring Virtual Spaces},
       booktitle = {Proceedings of Mensch und Computer 2009},
       year = {2009},
       month = {9},
       isbn = {978-3-486-59222-1},
       location = {Berlin, Germany},
       pages = {253----262},
       numpages = {10},
       publisher = {Oldenbourg Publishing},
       address = {M\"{u}nchen, Germany}
    }

    List of additional material